Tamilnadu - Tamilnadu Districts - Vellore District

Vellore District

Vellore (Tamil: வேலூர்) is a City of the Vellore district in the Indian state of TamilNadu. In 2008, the 142 year–old municipalities were made a City Corporation. The Vellore city corporation, at 392 square kilometers (151 sq mi), is the largest in Tamil Nadu, surpassing Chennai City Corporation, which is 182 square kilometers (70 sq mi). It is considered one of the oldest cities in South India and lies on the banks of the Palar River on the site of Vellore Fort. The city lies between Chennai (145 km) and Bangalore (215 km) and the Temple towns of Thiruvannamalai and Tirupati. The city has colleges, ancient temples and one of the best hospitals in India (Christian Medical College & Hospital). Vellore is a major transit point for travelers, a hub for medical tourism and is emerging as a tourist hot spot.

The name is said to have originated from Vel which is the main weapon of the Hindu deity Murugan or 'Velayudayaan' (one who bears the spear). The word then literally means - The place of Murugan. The name Vellore is derived from the Tamil words Vel + uur meaning City of Spears. Ancient history shows that Vellore was a battle field where the warriors used to fight was left with abandoned weapons like spears. The name Vellore is also said to have been derived from some form of precious stone which had a similar sounding name. There is megalithic proto-historical evidence in and around Vellore of such a semi-precious stone industry being prevalent in ancient times.



Vellore has a blend of heritage and culture reflecting the ancient Dravidian civilization. It was the seat of the Pallavas, Cholas, Nayak, Marathas, Arcot Nawabs and Bijapur Sultan Kingdoms. Vellore was once the capital city of the Vijayanagar Empire during 1606-1672. The fort in Vellore was described as the best and strongest fortress during the Carnatic War in the 17th Century. The monuments found in the district give a vivid picture of the evolution of the city through the ages.

In the centuries before India's independence there were many changes in kingdoms of the south and their capitals. The north and south regions of Arcot came into the political map in 1810 at the time of the last Mughal Emperor. Later in 1908, the two districts, namely North and South Arcot, came into existence. Chittoor (now in Andhra Pradesh) was the first capital of the North Arcot district. From then on it was the principal military base of the British. In 1911, Vellore became the head quarters of North Arcot Dt., comprising Vellore and Thiruvannamalai.


Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District(s) Vellore
Subdistrict Ambur, Ranipet, Arakkonam, Wallajahs
Headquarters Vellore


906,745 (2,011)
(2011))_region:IN-TN_ 12°55′13″N 79°08′00″E
Language(s) Tamil, English


392.62 square kilometres (151.59 sq mi)
• Summer

• Max. 38.1°C, Min. 24.4°C


Tourist places in Vellore

* Vellore Fort
* Golden Temple
* Jalakanteswarar Temple - Inside the Fort
* Elagiri - Lake
* Palar Anaicut Dam
* Kavalur Observatory
* Tippu mahal - Arcot
* Delhi Gate - Arcot
* Mordhana - Dam
* Jalagamparai
* Jalagamparai - Water Falls


Educations in Vellore

Thiruvalluvar University

The Thiruvalluvar University was formed by the bifurcation of the University of Madras which was located earlier in the Vellore Fort campus. Then foundation stone for a multi-core university campus was laid at Serkaadu near Katpadi in Vellore by M. Karunanidhi on 16 February 2008.and inaugurated on 27 November 2010, Almost all of the Government run Arts and Science colleges present in Vellore District, Tiruvannamalai District, Villupuram District and Cuddalore District are affiliated to the Thiruvalluvar University.

Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT)

The [Vellore Institute of Technology] (popularly known as VIT) is in Katpadi, Vellore. VIT has been ranked as the best private engineering university in India by the magazine India Today. Both India Today and Times of India ranked had ranked VIT at No. 8. VIT is also the first Indian University to be accredited by the prestigious Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE) in London and the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) in the USA. VIT University has six schools of study under its umbrella and also houses the VIT Business School. The college has around 15000 students from all over India and from over 20 countries studying in its campus.

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