Tami Nadu - Tamilnadu Wild Life - Vallanadu Black Buck Wild Life

Vallanadu Black Buck Wild Life

Vallanadu Wildlife Sanctuary is a Protected area of Tamil Nadu in South India created for the protection of Blackbuck Antelope. Located on an isolated hillock in Vallanadu Village of Srivaikundam Taluk, it is the southernmost place in India where a natural population of Blackbuck exists.

The sanctuary is a South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forest. The thorny hardwood and xerophytes: Dalbergia multiflora, Dichrostachys cinerea, Acacia latronum, Acacia planifrons, Albizia amara, Zizyphus sp. and a few Azadirachta indica, Dodonia viscosa, Carissa carandus, Pterolobium indicum and Euphorbia Acalypha fruticosa, Ocimum sanctum, species form the under growth. Peacock, Heron, Stork, Grey partridges, Jungle Craws, Common quails, Pied crested Cuckoo, Crested-hawk Eagle, Black-winged Kite, Curlew, Lapwing, Nightjar, Sparrows, Horned owl, and nearly 100 other species of birds are found in the area.

The Blackbuck population is around 20-40. Thick acacia growth makes it difficult to determine a precise population count. The Blackbucks regularly come out of the scrubs and graze in wastelands on the eastern side of the sanctuary.




8°42′12″N 77°56′18″E / 8.70333°N 77.93833°E / 8.70333; 77.93833




Tamil Nadu



Nearest city


Time zone

IST (UTC+5:30)


16.41 km2 (6 sq mi)


•      758 mm (29.8 in)

Keystone species

Black Buck Antelope

Governing body

Tamil Nadu Forest Department



Thoothukudi District


16.41 Sq Kms

Forest type

Scrub forests

Animals found

Blackbuck, spotted deer, macaques, jungle cat, mongoose, wild hares, and other animals

Annual rainfall  

758.0 mm

Nearest airport

Madurai – 165 kms away

Nearest Railway station

Tirunelveli Junction – 20 km away

Best season

Throughout the year


Hotels at Tirunelveli

For greater details

The district Forest Officer, Tirunelveli Division, Kokirakulam, Tirunelveli – 627 009.

It is a scrub forest area that is spread over 16.41 sq km. This sanctuary is situated in the Thuthukudi District. Blackbuck, Spotted Deer, Macaques, Jungle cat, Mongoose and wild hares are the fauna that be seen in plenty in this reserve. This sanctuary can be visited through out the year.