Tamilnadu - Tamilnadu Districts - Tirunelveli - Tirunelveli District

Thanjavur District

Thanjavur District is one of the 32 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. Its headquarters is Thanjavur.

It had a population of 2,216,138 as of 2001. It is 33.78% urbanised. The district has a literacy rate of 75.45%, 10.51% above the average for the state.

The Thanjavur district comprised the heartland of the Chola Empire and as a result, was an important centre of Brahminism. The Imperial Gazetteer of India 1908 lists Thanjavur, along with the South Canara and Ganjam districts, as the three districts of the Madras Presidency where Brahmins are most numerous.



The district is in Central Tamil Nadu bounded on the northeast by Nagapattinam District, on the east by Tiruvarur District, on the south by the Palk Strait,of Bay of Bengal on the west by Pudukkottai District, and on the north by the river Kollidam, across which lie Tiruchirappalli and Perambalur districts.


This district lies at the Kaveri delta region, the most fertile region in the state.[1] The district is the main Rice producing region in the state and hence known as the Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu. Kaveri River and its tributaries irrigate the district. Apart from paddy, farmers here grow Coconut and Sugarcane and it is the largest producer of Coconut in Tamil Nadu.


Brihadeeswara Temple, built by the Cholas and a UNESCO World Heritage Site is located at Thanjavur. The green paddy fields and the Kaveri river provide for picturuesque spots in the district.

Top Government Officials

  1. Deputy Inspector General of Police..Mr Abhash Kumar IPS
  2. District Collector..Mr M S Shanmugam IAS
  3. Technical Director.. Mr A Rayappan Scientist'E'


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