Tamil Nadu - Temples - Srivilliputhur Andal Temple
Srivilliputhur Andal Temple
Srivilliputhur Divya Desam is a popular Hindu temple and one of the 108 Divya Desams, the most important abodes of Lord Vishnu and is the birthplace of two of the most important Alvars (saints) in the Vaishnavite tradition, Periyazhvar and Andal. The temple is located in the town of Srivilliputtur about 74 km from Madurai, India. It is significant that the temple tower is used in the Tamilnadu government's official seal.
The Pillar-Hall, with an artistically designed front view, welcomes us. On either side of the hall, Vanamalai Jeear monastry with shops, and monastries of Vedantha Desikar and Manavalla Saint are set up. The next to Pillar-Hall is the Divine Marriage Hall. It looks exequisitely beautiful with sculptured figures of Yali in big pillars. A statuette of Saint Appar is found in a pillar which is in the southern entrance. On the inside ceiling of this hall, the paintings of Nayakkar Dynasty period’s Ramayana have been drawn. These painting are getting defaced due to lack of proper maintenance.
Bhagavan Sriman Narayanan during his Varaha Avataram slayed an asuran called Kalinemi and took rest under the foot of a Banyan tree, along with his consorts Sri Mahalakshmi and Sri Bhooma Devi in a place called Shenbagaranyam (meaning beautiful forest, in Tamil). Shenbagaranyam was a small part of large kingdom ruled by a queen Malli whose sons Villi and Puttan were hunters and used to hunt animals in shenbagaranyam. One day these two hunters Villi and Puttan went to the forest for hunting and spotted a tiger. They tried to kill the tiger with Puttan vigorously chasing it while villi lost track of his brother. However after some time the tiger managed to kill Puttan by hiding behind a tree and pouncing on him at an opportune time. Villi came searching for Puttan and on seeing his dead body was overcome with grief. After some time he fell asleep.
During his sleep he had a dream. Sriman Narayanan along with his consort appeared in his dream and said "O villi do not grieve. We will get back your brother's life." He then mentioned about his previous appearance as vatapatrasayi in sayana thirukolam under the foot of the banyan tree and said that there was a cave near a huge banyan tree where his moorthy(statue) had been lying for a long time.There were also lots of gold coins and jewels near that place.He then instructed villi to use the money in deforesting the place and building a village with a temple after installing the statue in the temple.
Villi woke up to find his brother Puttan also alive and narrated his dream to Puttan. He then built a small town and a temple by installing the statue of the lord and thus the vatapatrasayi temple was built. As a forest full of snake mounds was converted into a town by villi it came to be known as Villiputhoor. Later with the advent of Sri Andal it got the name Srivilliputtur (the prefix "Sri" being a sobriquet for a holy place).
Meaning of the Temple
Srivilliputtur finds mention in the Brahmakaivatsapuranam and the varaha puranam. The Varaha puranam foretells the existence of srivilliputtur and the consequent visit of bhagavan during the varaha avataram. The brahmakaivatsa puranam mentions the location of vatapatrasayi temple in Srivilliputtur.
The Srivilliputtur divya desam has the unique distinction among all other divya desams of being the birthplace of 2 important azhwars among the twelve azhwars,sri periyazhwar, who became the father in law of the lord ranganatha himself and sri andal who was the incaranation of bhoomadevi and attained union with the lord Ranganathan at srirangam. It is one of the few divyadesams where all the Srivaishnava temple traditions and festivals are followed regularly every year.The town which wakes up to the sounds of Thiruppavai pervades with the sublime atmosphere throughout the day.
Thaer Thiruvizha (Car Festival)
Thousands of people from across the State are expected every year to crowd Srivilliputtur on this festival to witness the annual car festival at Andal Temple.
This event is the highlight of the 12-day `Aadi Pooram' festival at the temple, one of the 108 holy places for Vaishnavites.It is one of the biggest festivals for the entire Virudhunagar district.
After early morning special pujas, the presiding deities, Sri Rengamannar and Goddess Andal are taken in decorated palanquins to the car.The festival marks the adoption of presiding deity, Sri Andal, by Periyazhwar after he had found her near a Tulsi plant in the nandavanam of Vadabadrasai Temple at Srivilliputtur on the eighth day of the Tamil month of Adi.