Tami Nadu - Tamil Nadu Wild Life - Mukurthi National Park

Mukurthi National Park

Mukurthi National Park (MNP) is a 78.46 km² protected area located in the south-eastern corner of the Nilgiris Plateau west of Ootacamund hill station in the northwest corner of Tamil Nadu state in the Western Ghats mountain range of South India. The park was created to protect its Keystone species, the Nilgiri Tahr.

The park is a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, India's first International Biosphere Reserve. The Western Ghats, Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (6,000+ km²), including all of Mukurthi National Park, is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site.

The park is characterized by Montane grasslands and shrublands interspersed with sholas in a high altitude area of high rainfall, subfreezing temperatures and high winds. It is home to an array of endangered wildlife, including Royal Bengal Tiger and Asian Elephant, but its main mammal attraction is the Nilgiri Tahr. The park was previously known as Nilgiri Tahr National Park.

Mukkurthi Park

Coordinates

11°16′00″N 76°28.5′00″E / 11.2666667°N 76.475°E / 11.2666667; 76.475

Country

 India

State

Tamil Nadu

District(s)

   Nilgiri District

Established

12 December 2001

Nearest city

Ootacamund

Time zone

IST (UTC+5:30)

Area
Elevation

78.46 km2 (30 sq mi)
• 2,629 m (8,625 ft)

Climate
Precipitation
Temperature
• Summer
• Winter


•      6,330 mm (249.2 in)

•      35 °C (95 °F)
•      0 °C (32 °F)

Keystone species

Nilgiri Tahr
the Tamil Nadu state animal

Governing body

Tamil Nadu Forest Department

Website

www.forests.tn.nic.in/WildBiodiversity/np_muknp.html


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