Madurai district is one of the 32 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. The city of Madurai serves as the district headquarters. It houses the world famous Sri Meenakshi Sundareshwarar temple and is situated on the banks of river Vaigai. The temple with its four big towers (gopurams) and many other small towers is a treat to the eyes.
Madurai, also known as "Athens of the East", is the third largest city in Tamil Nadu. The main kingdoms which ruled Madurai during various times are the Pandyas and the Nayaks. Obviously Madurai is called as "Thoonga Nagaram" Madurai called as temple city