Tami Nadu - Tamilnadu Wild Life - Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park

Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park

Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park is a protected area named after Prime Minister Indira Gandhi who visited the park on October 7, 1961. It is often called Topslip, a village in the northeast corner of the park which is the main visitor center. This name is derived from the local 19th century practice of sliding Teak timber logs down from the hills. It is located in the Anaimalai Hills of Pollachi, Valparai and Udumalpet taluks of Coimbatore District, Tamilnadu state, South India. The 108 km² National Park is the core area of the 958 km² Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary, formerly called Anaimalai Wildlife Sanctuary.

The Park and the Sanctuary is under consideration by UNESCO as part of The Western Ghats World Heritage site. The Sanctuary and the Palni Hills in Dindigul District form the Anaimalai Conservation Area

Indira_Gandhi_Wildlife_Sanctuary_and_National_Park

Coordinates

10°25′01″N 77°03′24″E / 10.4170°N 77.0567°E / 10.4170; 77.0567

Country

 India

State

Tamil Nadu

District(s)

Coimbatore

Established

1976

Nearest city

Pollachi

Time zone

IST (UTC+5:30)

Area
Elevation

958 km2 (370 sq mi)
• 2,513 m (8,245 ft)

Governing body

Ministry of Environment and Forests and Tamil Nadu Forest Deptartment

The sanctuary has six administrative ranges, Pollachi: Range Head Quarters at Anaimalai Farm: 109.72 km², Vaalpaarai: Water Falls: 171.50 km², Ulandy: Top Slip: 75.93 km², Amaravathi: Amaravathi Nagar: 172.50 km², Udumalpet: 290.18 km². IGWLS is adjacent to Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary to the west. Manjampatti Valley is a 110± km² drainage basin at the eastern end of the park.

Altitude ranges between 340m to 2513 m above sea level. There are 12 major peaks in this area, including:

Local name  ↓ Height  ↓ English name  ↓ Location  ↓
Akkamalai 2,483 metres (8,146 ft)

Mean annual rainfall is between 500mm in the south western fringes to 5000mm on the north east.

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