Tamilnadu - Places in Tamilnadu - Chennai - Chennai Population

Chennai Population

Country India
State Tamil Nadu
District(s) • Chennai
• Kanchipuram
• Tiruvallur
Mayor M. Subramaniam
Corporation Commissioner Rajesh Lakhoni
   
Population 4.59 million[1] (5th) (2009[update])
• Density 14,350 /km2 (37,166 /sq mi)
• Metro • 7.30 million[2] (4th) (2009[update])
   
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
   
Area 181.06 km2 (70 sq mi)[3]
• Metro • 1,180 km2 (456 sq mi)
• Elevation • 6 m (20 ft)

Name

The name Chennai is a shortened form of Chennapattinam, the name of the town that grew around Fort St. George, which was built by the British in 1640 CE. The town area is said to have been a part of the empire of the Rajas of Chandragiri. There are two versions about the origin of the name Chennai: according to one version, Chennapattinam was named after Damerla Chennappa Nayaka, a Vijayanagar chieftain, Padma Nayak Velama Raja of Kalahasthi and Vandavasi from whom the British acquired the town in 1639 CE. The first official use of the name Chennai is said to be in a sale deed, dated August 1639, to one Francis Day who was an agent for the British. ] According to the second account, Chennapattinam was named after the Chenna Kesava Perumal Temple; the word Chennai in Tamil means face, and the temple was regarded as the face of the city.

The city's former name, Madras, is derived from Madraspattinam, a fishing village north of n as Madera or Madra in succeeding years) of Portugese origin, which had consecrated the Madre de Deus Church in the Chennai locality, Santhome, in 1575.

Some time after the British gained possession of the area in the 17th century, the two towns, Madraspattinam and Chennapattinam , were merged. The British referred to the united town as Madraspattinam, while the locals preferred to call it Chennapattinam . citation needed The state government officially changed it to Chennai in 1996, at a time when many Indian cities were being renamed.

The size of Chennai city is set to expand manifold. It will enlarge from its present extent of 176 km2 to 800 km2 in a decision taken by the government of Tamil Nadu. On doing this the population of Chennai is also set to increase from the present 4.5 million mark to over 8 million. This will make Chennai the third largest City in India ahead of Bengaluru 5.3 million in a similar area of around 800 sq km and Kolkata 5.0 million in an area of 185 sq km..

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